Predictive Analytics in Crime Prediction

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Did you ever think we would reach the point where ‘Minority Report’ was no longer a science-fiction movie of the past but a present day reality?

Today, predictive analysis has become an extremely powerful tool used to accurately predict crimes ahead of time. So much so that it has given rise to an independent branch of criminology referred to as ‘predictive policing’.

What is predictive policing?

Predictive policing is a branch of criminal justice where law enforcement officials apply mathematical, predictive and analytical techniques to identify criminal patterns and understand the nature of crimes. It is generally enforced in a 2-pronged approach –

  1. Experts apply methods rooted in advanced statistics, machine learning tools, and artificial intelligence to identify and visualize trends, patterns and relationships.
  2. The resulting insights are used to build intervention models.

Crime Mapping

A big part of predictive policing is crime mapping. Though maps have always been used in various forms by the police, technology now allows us to map already committed crimes and find patterns.

It starts with the collection and analysis of a large volume of data on cities and towns where crime prevention is necessary. The following are the general steps taken to arrive at a suitable intervention model:

  • Studying the criminal history of the cities
  • Building out the profile of the perpetrator of the crime
  • Collating data on the neighborhoods with the highest crime rates, the reasons for these crimes, potential victim profiles, and more
  • Modeling the data collected, analyzing the findings, and formulating the predictions
  • Implementing suitable preventative measures

Is it working?

Though predictive policing has been an area of controversy among many people, police officials have seen a significant decrease in crimes in their districts after implementing this technology. According to police headquarters in Chicago’s South Side (a crime hotspot), “the number of shootings in the 7th District from January through July fell 39 percent compared with the same period last year.”

It is important to note that predictive policing is only a means to guide police actions, and not a substitute.

Predictive Policing in India

After recognizing the increasing success of predictive policing in the USA, the Indian National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has also tapped into their resources and have begun using crime data analytics software to enable predictive policing. In fact, by the end of 2018, predictive policing technologies are expected to be available to all states and union territories.

With the advancement of this technology, we are able to rapidly work toward building safer, crime-free communities – and data is driving the change!

Using Big Data, highly efficient statistical algorithms, machine learning techniques and more, predictive analytics is able to use data to predict the future with an increasingly high level of accuracy – thereby finding numerous applications across several industries.

You can have a bright future in predictive analysis too! With a certification in Business Analytics & Data Science from SSN SACE, master the fundamentals of predictive analytics in just 6 months!

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